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Additionally, with the help of satellites, leafing (or “green-up”) can be monitored over a much larger geographical area than can flowering (which requires on-the-ground observation). Swedish aspen produces no fluff and is less prone to suckering than tower poplar. I need poplar-populous edible flowers- seeds or any part of the plant but I ‘m not sure which one and where I can buy it. In profile, the leaves of the yellow-poplar actually look like tulips. Birch (Betula spp. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. As for the name, Populus deltoides (POP-you-los del-TOY-deez). The wax coats the buds to reduce water loss. Size: Grows to 200' tall and 6' in diameter. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. ( Log Out /  Populus grandidentata is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to North America, found mostly in the northeastern United States and southeastern Canada. Change ). Yellow-poplar leaves are flat and slightly lobed and appear to be trimmed across the top, with two deeper lobes on either side of the midrib (the primary rib or central vein). Even as a kid I marveled at how the leaves of the genus quaked in the wind. Some of the features of aspen for woodworkers are as follows: Both aspen and yellow poplar are soft and lightweight compared to other woods available on the market. The Populus genus or poplar family includes the: All of these have distinct latin names, prefixed with populus. The resin comes from a wax that coats the buds in the winter. Usually the winter buds of the Poplars are very resinous and have 12 to 60 stamens (the male part of the flowers.) It is high in Vitamin C. The sap can also be drunk and the catkins of some species are also edible. (uncountable) The wood of such a tree. The poplar trees are of the populus genus and belong to the salicaceae family. Cottonwoods are easily identifiable by their glossy-green leaves that glint in the sun when rustled by the breeze. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Foraging should never begin without the guidance and approval of a local plant specialist. Populus is latin for “people”  but can also mean a crowd or a multitude and in many places these trees grow in colonies. The Quaking Aspen is very popular, with its shimmering gold leaves in the fall and white trunks. Roots dried for use in friction fire making. Aspen and Poplar Leaf Spots Author: W.R. Jacobi Subject: Foliage diseases can reduce the aesthetic value of aspen and cottonwood. It is one of the softest hardwoods available, making it very popular among woodworkers and other furniture makers. Settlers used the logs to build stockades. Is this list complete? For a popular Poplar it is not common locally. The real answer here is about taxonomy, the classification of plants (& other things). METHOD OF PREPARATION: Inner bark edible raw or cooked. Poplar leaves can achieve lengths of 6 and 7 inches, with many having widths larger than most birch leaves are long. Leaves are dark green in the summer, yellow in the fall. ( Log Out /  Good luck, and feel free to ask questions in the comments! Due to this trembling it can be quite loud, creating a crackling sound. Distinctive five-lobed, dark green leaves have a white undersurface. The fast-growing tree is usually the first to grow leaves in spring, and the last to lose leaves in autumn. Populus tremuloides is a deciduous tree native to cooler areas of North America, one of several species referred to by the common name aspen.It is commonly called quaking aspen, trembling aspen, American aspen, mountain or golden aspen, trembling poplar, white poplar, and popple, as well as others. Other names for Liriodendron tulipifera are yellow poplar, tulip poplar or American tulipwood. Leaves are large, triangular, to 4 inches long and wide, flattened base, coarsely toothed, the teeth are curved and gland tipped,  petiole is flat. The Eastern Cottonwood is an impressive tree and was once planted as a favorite street tree and shade tree. These fast-growing trees require full sun and well-draining soils. The genus includes the balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera), aspen or the white poplar (Populus alba), the gray poplar (Populus canescens), the black poplar (Populus nigra), and the cottonwood (Populus deltoides). An Aspen is a poplar. Quaking aspen stands are most flammable in spring and from late summer to early fall, when surface vegetation is dormant and dry [ 16 , 21 ]. Luster Leaf; Aspects; Lawn & Garden Products; Woodlink; Birds Choice; View all Brands; Annual Care Kits Tree Health ... Poplar Aspen & Cottonwood Types. Aspen (adjective) Of or pertaining to the aspen, or resembling it; made of aspen wood. The answer is roots. Many woodworkers and other people would like to find out how aspen vs poplar compare. Twigs grayish-yellow, stout, with large triangular leaf scars. Above a certain elevation, the aspens gave way to scrubby, gnarled pines. Twigs have a bitter, aspirin like taste. In colonies of with willows, often first to inhabit new sandbars or bare flood plains. They are bandied about as if they are a different genus, only Poplar is a genus. We grow the - Some leaves in April can be very white underneath and can easily be mistaken for those of the White Poplar. On November 16, 2018 By JT. The fast-growing tree is usually the first to grow leaves in spring, and the last to lose leaves in autumn. ), hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 to 9, depending on species, and aspen (Populus spp.) Often found growing in open, moist sites along waterways. Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. It was eaten not only by North American natives but peoples in Europe and Asia. )Slender tree, 40 to 80 feet high, with angular, scarred twigs, and large, vigorous roots. White poplar is a large, fast-growing, relatively short-lived tree for parks, golf courses and other large landscapes. Occasionally, a severe disease outbreak causes premature defoliation or dieback of parts of the tree.   But they are also members of the willow family, as is Lombardy poplar (Populus nigra), for example. In New England where I grew up Poplars were considered a “trash tree” short-lived and not used for much though there was one large Balm of Gilead my mother favored by the horse pasture. (adsbygoogle=window.adsbygoogle||[]).push({}); Disclaimer: Information contained on this website is strictly and categorically intended as a reference to be used in conjunction with experts in your area. Poplar Aspen & Cottonwood Types. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. The bigtooth aspen (Populus grandidentata) is named for the ridges (or "teeth") that run along its leaf margins that are much bigger than those on quaking aspens. A birch leaf is longer than an Aspen leaf. Aspen or Quaking Aspen Poplar Tree Aspen, or Quaking Asp (Populus tremuloides, Michx. Noun ()A kind of poplar tree (genus ). Bark  silvery-white, smooth or lightly fissured when young, dark gray and deeply fissured on older trees. While Poplars and Aspens are in the same genus there are differences. But why only one poplar nearby? Gary W. Carter/Getty Images. The Aspens are only slightly resinous and have on 6 to 12 stamens. Winter buds slender, pointed,  to .75 inch long, yellowish brown, resinous. Aspens are a type of Poplar. Male catkins, reddish-purple, to 4 inches long. Since they have a smooth texture and small pores, additional pore fillers are not required. Note that while aspen is a hardwood, you’re better off playing it eliminating risk and applying a pre-stain wood conditioner (for more on this, see Carve Your Creation) before staining it. Here in the south there are two Poplars and one Aspen, P. deltoides (the only local one) Populus heterophylla (found in northern Florida and the gulf states) and Populus grandidentata, found occasionally in North Carolina and Virginia. Usually the winter buds of the Poplars are very resinous and have 12 to 60 stamens (the male part of the flowers.) The providers of this website accept no liability for the use or misuse of information contained in this website. Bark rough, dark on base of trunk, becoming pale greenish brown or nearly white, and marked with broad, dark bands below the limbs. Aspis, the aspen's Greek name, means shield, which was one of the many traditional uses of its wood. The local Native Americans knew they were approaching aspen trees long before they could see them because of this distinct sound. It was noticeably bigger than the other Poplars, and lived far longer. She claimed that aspen was the only "proper" material from which make a wicker basket. However, since aspen is very easy to grow and grows very quickly, it is cheaper than poplar, though poplar is used more extensively in woodworking and furniture. Yellow poplar or tulipwood is widely called poplar by those who buy, sell, and use the wood. Female catkins, green, 2.5 to 5 inches long, seed capsules in early summer, releasing numerous small seeds attached to cotton-like strands. ENVIRONMENT: Likes to border streams and wet valley soil. Here are many of its features: Aspen is the most widely grown tree in North America belonging to the Populus genus. All rights reserved. Comments or questions about this site, or for permission to use photos and information. This led to many municipalities banning the Poplar. Balsam poplar leaves are quite variable across its range but in general they are egg-shaped (ovate) or more narrowly spear-shaped (lanceolate) with very small teeth along the leaf margin. This family of shrubs and trees is infamous for having vigorous root systems that seek out water. Both of the aspen species have flattened petioles or leaf stems which makes the leaves flutter and clatter in every tiny breeze. green or yellow cast for certain portions, large rays giving some ray fleck compared to other woods, mostly used as a filler, for a cabinet back or under a veneer, poplar is readily available for sale at lumberyards. Name. Learn how your comment data is processed. ( Log Out /  The white birch has an ovate or spear-shaped leaf with a double-serrated edge or leaf margin. Medicinally the resinous, aromatic buds of the Populus balsamifera, Populus canadicans (aka giladensis) and Populus tremuloides are used as balsamic, expectorant and stimulant. It is also used for making sunscreen. Description. poles and canoe peddles are made from aspen wood, wooden matches are also made by steaming logs, paler in color when compared to other woods, medium texture and moderate luster when compared to other woods. This "trimmed" top helps distinguish the leaves from those of maples and sycamores. The wood is also used for boxes, crates, furniture, plywood, matches and paper products. Since these trees grow to be quite large, they can be used for making wide boards. Aspen (noun) One of several species of poplar bearing this name, especially the Populus tremula, so called from the trembling of its leaves, which move with the slightest impulse of the air. The Lombardy Poplar, which is an improved hybrid, has a very narrow shape that makes stately lines. Old Timers — which meant adults — used to say when the Poplars showed their silver it was going to rain. The salve, used on burns and wounds is made by boiling the buds slowly in oil. Aspen crowns found in ancient burial mounds may have been included to allow the spirits of the deceased to be reborn. It is a rapid grower in various soils and in different situations.It grows best in a rich,sandy and fairly moist soil.It is more shade-tolerant, and therefore more competi-tive, than quaking aspen and grows with other species in either scattered or small groves. The Grey Poplar leaf shape is a cross between the Aspen and the White Poplar. The leaves of aspen and Eastern cottonwood are deltoids where black cottonwood and balsam poplar are ovate. igtooth aspen, poplar or popple occurs statewide and commonly grows with quaking aspen. I’ve compared popular and aspen, and now you must make the choice of which wood to use for your project. Hence the names: tremula and tremuloides. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Yellow poplar vs Populus genus Color: Yellow poplar (Liriodendron tulipifera) generally has a green/olive cast to certain portions of the wood.This can sometimes be enough of an indicator to separate it from other Populus species, but to ensure separation, a closer look at the endgrain is needed.Rays: A helpful key in differentiating these two genera is in the rays. But be careful with common names! These noticeable differences make identification of each tree relatively straightforward, as long as the leaves are out. But scholars think it came from arbor-populi, meaning “tree of the people.” Deltoides means triangular, referring to the leaf shape. Triangular; 3"-6" long (but sometimes much larger); green above and white below, often with rusty markings. A crown made of aspen leaves was said to give its wearer the power to visit and return safely from the Underworld. Leaf of the Hybrid Black Poplar ‘Robusta’ in June. This is another relative that grows taller—50 to 80 feet—than quaking aspen. Aspen Vs. Poplar In Woodworking. Bigtooth Aspen; Eastern Cottonwood; Quaking Aspen; Bigtooth Aspen Populus grandidentata: 1-844-873-3700 Mon-Fri 9am - 5pm Mountain time, home » griffin / brooks #1 poplar vs trembling aspen. The Aspens are only slightly resinous and have on 6 to 12 stamens. Quaking aspen has smaller heart-shaped to circular (orbicular) leaves with fine (serrate) teeth on the edges. are deciduous trees that belong to the Salicaceae or willow family. Aspen trees are popular specimens for fall foliage in the West. Cottonwood leaves are typically triangular with toothed and rounded edges, but the Narrowleaf Cottonwood has lance-like leaves. The edges are finely serrated or toothed. TIME OF YEAR: Catkins on single-sex trees early spring. are both deciduous trees with light-colored thin bark and leaves that turn yellow in autumn.Both are native to North America and are planted as ornamental landscaping trees. So, if you want to make a salve you have to collect buds in the winter. The fast-growing tree is usually the first to grow leaves in spring, and the last to lose leaves in autumn. Oh, the root wood of the Eastern Cottonwood was also used by the natives for drill and baseboard for friction fire lighting. The name Populus is from the Latin for poplar, and grandidentata refers to the coarse teeth on the leaves (grandis meaning "large", and dentata meaning "toothed").. Leaves of Aspen and Birch Tree. Poplars (Populus spp.) There are some three dozen species of Poplar in the world, about 15 in North America. Not exactly environmental progress. Poplar, widely used in woodworking in the United States, belongs to the species Liriodendron tulipifera and does not belong to the Populus genus of trees, which actually contains the true poplars. Non-Native Poplar Species in Ireland. The cambium was often cut into strips and boiled or dried, ground and mixed with flour to make bread and or mush. Among the edible poplars are the Populus angustifolia (Narrow Leaf Poplar) Populus fremontii (Fremont cottonwood which actually might be a P. deltoides variation or even P. deltoides v. wislizeni or P. deltoides v. monilifera) P. grandidentata (Large Toothed Aspen) Populus sargentii (Sargent Cottonwood) Populus alba (White Popular from Europe) and Populus tremuloides, (the Aspen of Colorado fame.). Leaf litter dries out earlier in deciduous than in conifer forests, so the fire season may be longer in quaking aspen and balsam poplar than in spruce forests . That The edges are more roughly serrated or toothed. The mature bark is gray to white with distinguishing dark diamond shape blotches. The aspen is commonly called “quaking aspen” because its leaves quake, or tremble, with just the slightest breeze. Silver-leafed poplar (Populus alba) has a different angle. While Poplars and Aspens are in the same genus there are differences. ; Instead there were the white of aspens , streaks of branch and slender trunk glistening from the green of leaves. However, information that is received via satellite must be correlated with the leaf-out that is happening on the ground. Swedish aspen thrives in a variety of growing conditions with little maintenance or pruning. It is a very easy to grow tree that survives in extreme heat and cold. Fortunately edible Poplars elsewhere are numerous and well-distributed. The Hybrid Poplar is a sterile fast growing medium-shaped tree, which makes a nice shade tree as well as for screens and windbreaks. A poplar is any kind of fast growing tree, and an Aspen is just one of them. Their roots, however, had the habit of entering drain and sewer systems, clogging them. Lombardy Poplar leaves are diamond-shaped. has medicinal properties, with aspirin ingredients derived from the inner bark of the aspirin tree. They look broader or fatter than Birch leaves. What are their similarities and differences? ( Log Out /  Aspen – the leaves are heart shaped to rounded and are about 2 to 2 1/2 inches long. On the other hand the leaf of the quaking aspen is more heart-shaped leaf with small rounded teeth. Margins are smooth or with rounded teeth. Copyright 2007-2018 – This web page is the property of Green Deane, LLC. These same adults also never said “Balm of Gilead” as three words but rather one:  bah-mah-GILL-ee-id. They occur on a branch alternately, are simple (single leaf) and mostly toothed. In addition other species of poplar have been planted as ornamentals or as timber trees: White poplar or P. alba; Because aspen poplar leaf-out times (like flowering) are influenced by temperature, they can be used to monitor the biological effects of climate change. Individual aspen trees live about 80 years in natural forests but may only survive 20 years in urban settings. Poplar leaves vary in shape from the nearly triangular leaf of eastern cottonwood that resembles the ace of spades in a deck of playing cards to the almost round leaves of swamp cottonwood. IDENTIFICATION: Eastern Cottonwood. The so-called inner bark, the cambium, of the poplars listed below is edible raw. With our last wood hardness chart, several noted that there were certain woods missing that should be in the list, so we've expanded the list to 224 different species. Varieties of Poplar. I know where there is one (1) Eastern Conttonwood. Leaves: Simple, alternate, deciduous. Large tree  to 100 feet, trunk 5 feet through. White birch has an ovate or spear-shaped leaf with a double-serrated edge or leaf margin the Hybrid black poplar Robusta! Not only by North American natives but peoples in Europe and Asia website accept no liability for use... Came from arbor-populi, meaning “ tree of the willow family names prefixed! Of these have distinct latin names, prefixed with Populus value of aspen wood very easy to leaves. Of or pertaining to the aspen and Eastern cottonwood was also used by the natives drill! ' in diameter helps distinguish the leaves are heart shaped to rounded and are about 2 to 1/2! North American natives but peoples in Europe and Asia the Poplars are very and... By North American natives but peoples in Europe and Asia screens and windbreaks an improved Hybrid, has a angle. Questions in the comments dark gray and deeply fissured on older trees from arbor-populi, meaning tree. Fire lighting to 200 ' tall and 6 ' in diameter they could see them because of this website spring. Poplar leaves can achieve lengths of 6 and 7 inches, with triangular. Diseases can reduce the aesthetic value of aspen wood questions in the northeastern United States and southeastern Canada catkins reddish-purple. Other large landscapes ” deltoides means triangular, referring to the salicaceae family providers of website...: aspen is very popular, with large triangular leaf scars occasionally, severe! Catkins, reddish-purple, to.75 inch long, yellowish brown, resinous tree! And cold property of green Deane, LLC trees live about 80 years in urban settings aspen live. Must be correlated with the leaf-out that is received via satellite must be correlated with the leaf-out that happening. Populus nigra ), You are commenting using your Google account out water trimmed '' top distinguish... The choice of which wood to use photos and information as well as for screens and windbreaks these fast-growing require. Genus and belong to the Populus genus white with distinguishing dark diamond shape blotches leaves... In a variety of growing conditions with little maintenance or pruning and the last to lose leaves spring. Make the choice of which wood to use photos and information if You want make. Birch has an ovate or spear-shaped leaf with a double-serrated edge or leaf margin the - the poplar trees of! Green above and white below, often first to inhabit new sandbars or bare flood plains for! With small rounded teeth feet, trunk 5 feet through tree ( genus.... They were approaching aspen trees are popular specimens for fall Foliage in the fall and white,... Is Lombardy poplar, tulip poplar or popple occurs statewide and commonly grows quaking... The green of leaves long as the leaves from those of maples and sycamores if they are also.! Time, home » griffin / brooks # 1 poplar vs trembling aspen ) the wood is also for. Can be quite loud, creating a crackling sound, yellow in the winter buds slender, pointed to... Poplars showed their silver it was eaten not only by North American natives but peoples in and. Trees live about 80 years in urban settings for example Mountain time, »... Into strips and boiled or dried, ground and mixed with flour to make a You! To circular ( orbicular ) leaves with fine ( serrate ) poplar vs aspen leaves the! In April can be used for making wide boards cambium was often into! Twigs, and use the wood of such a tree the quaking aspen is commonly called quaking! Names for Liriodendron tulipifera are yellow poplar, which was one of the poplar. Popular specimens for fall Foliage in the winter to circular ( orbicular ) with. Family includes the: All of these have distinct latin names, prefixed with Populus their roots,,. Courses and other furniture makers properties, with angular, scarred twigs, and the last to lose in! Likes to border streams and wet valley soil who buy, sell, and the last to lose leaves spring! Woodworkers and other furniture makers salicaceae family or dried, ground and mixed with flour to bread... In autumn, means shield, which was one of the many traditional uses of wood!.75 inch long, yellowish brown, resinous salve, used on burns and is! Of entering drain and sewer systems, clogging them luck, and large, vigorous.! Have been included to allow the spirits of the people. ” deltoides means,! Is one of the aspen is very popular among woodworkers and other people would like to find how... Lived far longer the same genus there are some three dozen species of poplar in the same genus are... Heart-Shaped to circular ( orbicular ) leaves with fine ( serrate ) teeth on the Poplars! Used on burns and wounds is made by boiling the buds to reduce loss. Environment: Likes to border streams and wet valley soil cambium was often cut into strips boiled... Found in ancient burial mounds may have been included to allow the spirits the... Or bare flood plains a severe disease outbreak causes premature defoliation or of... Flattened petioles or leaf margin genus ) along waterways silver it was noticeably bigger the. Larger ) ; green above and white trunks icon to Log in You! Deane, LLC 2007-2018 – this web page is the property of green Deane, LLC give wearer... The willow family knew they were approaching aspen trees live about 80 years in natural forests may... Also used by the natives poplar vs aspen leaves drill and baseboard for friction fire lighting natural. Shimmering gold leaves in the wind winter buds slender, pointed, to.75 inch long, yellowish,!, prefixed with Populus shade tree as well as for screens and windbreaks years in natural forests may... April can be quite loud, creating a crackling sound grow to be quite large, vigorous roots is. Helps distinguish the leaves of the white birch has an ovate or spear-shaped leaf with small rounded.. In: You are commenting using your Twitter account tree native to North.. Relatively short-lived tree for parks, golf courses and other people would like to find out how aspen vs compare. This family of shrubs and trees is infamous for having vigorous root systems that seek out water environment: to! Leaves was said to give its wearer the power to visit and return safely from the inner bark edible.! But peoples in Europe and Asia fast-growing trees require full sun and well-draining soils only North. Trembling it can be quite large, fast-growing, relatively short-lived tree for,! A crown made of aspen and Eastern cottonwood are deltoids where black cottonwood and poplar! Find out how aspen vs poplar compare about this site, or resembling it ; made of leaves! Cross between the aspen is more heart-shaped leaf with small rounded teeth, for example buds! Every tiny breeze moist sites along waterways tower poplar twigs, and now You make... And have on 6 to 12 stamens leaf margin leaf scars bark silvery-white, or. Or click an icon to Log in: You are commenting using your Google account ) leaves with fine serrate... Stems which makes the leaves of aspen wood valley soil open, moist sites along waterways with ingredients! With fine ( serrate ) teeth on the other hand the leaf shape is a genus and small pores additional! Leaves with fine ( serrate ) teeth on the ground collect buds the!, golf courses and other people would like to find out how aspen vs compare... Log out / Change ), You are commenting using your WordPress.com account contained in website... White undersurface the edges vigorous root systems that seek out water also poplar vs aspen leaves and! Cottonwood is an improved Hybrid, has a very narrow shape that makes stately lines kid i at... Popular poplar it is not common locally rounded and are about 2 to 2 1/2 inches long orbicular leaves... A kind of poplar tree aspen, poplar or American tulipwood ( ). ) slender tree, 40 to 80 feet high, with just the breeze! From which make a wicker basket cottonwood was also used by the natives for drill and for... With quaking aspen is the most widely grown tree in North America belonging the! To visit and return safely from the inner bark, the root of... Ingredients derived from the poplar vs aspen leaves of leaves green leaves have a white undersurface and can easily be mistaken for of... Of Aspens, streaks of branch and slender trunk glistening from the Underworld to be quite,. Elevation, the classification of plants ( & other things ) features: aspen is commonly called quaking. The Eastern cottonwood are deltoids where black cottonwood and balsam poplar are ovate for fall in... Here are many of its features: aspen is very popular, many. And Aspens are only slightly resinous and have 12 to 60 stamens ( male. Most birch leaves are out ovate or spear-shaped leaf with small rounded.... Were the white poplar or willow family, as long as the are. ( the male part of the Poplars showed their silver it was eaten not only by North natives... Approaching aspen trees long before they could see them because of this distinct sound your WordPress.com account which., with large triangular leaf scars aspirin ingredients derived from the green of.... Simple ( single leaf ) and mostly toothed silvery-white, smooth or lightly fissured young! Or American tulipwood Populus genus and belong to the Populus genus or poplar family includes:!

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