Argentina is the second largest area of land in South America, separated from Chile to the west by the long spine of the Andes. The southern end of Chile is situated close to Antarctica and has a temperate climate with lots of rain. Its capital is Santiago. The above blank map represents Chile, a long, narrow country located in the southwestern part of South America. To the north, the climate grows gradually hotter and drier. The above outline map represents Chile, a long narrow country located in the southwestern part of South America. Due to Chile’s long slender shape spanning from Peru in the north to Antarctica in the south, you’ll experience a very different climate depending on what part of the country you visit. To the south, the central valley comes into its own. Chile’s “Great North” experiences a warm climate making it a suitable definition for travelers and tourists. – Chile is located along the Pacific Ring of Fire between the South American and Nazca tectonic plates and so is prone to earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and tsunamis Norte Grande. The main factors that influence the climate of Chile are the Humboldt current, Andes Mountains, the coast ranges, southern circumpolar, and the Pacific anticyclone. The Atacama Desert in northern Chile is one of the driest places in the world, while Santiago in central Chile enjoys a relaxing Mediterranean climate. The Geography of Chile Chile occupies a long strip of land in the south west of the South American continent. The country is shaped like a long and narrow ribbon and is the longest country in the planet; its coastline along the Pacific Ocean stretches for 4,300 km or 2,700 m. A long, narrow country, it extends approximately 2,700 miles and has an average width of just 110 miles. Photo credit: wikipedia. As you […] It has 3,100 miles (4,989km) of coastline. The climate here is classified as Csc by the Köppen-Geiger system. Santiago climate summary The Santiago lies on 568m above sea level In Santiago, the climate is warm and temperate. Chile’s climate is as varied as its terrain. And here are just a few more facts about Chile’s incredibly varied geography. Its landscape is extremely varied, with the top sub-tropical and sun-baked, and its sub-Antarctic bottom tip glistening with icy waters and glaciers. The above map can be downloaded, printed and used for geography education purposes like map-pointing and coloring activities. Ojos del Salado Volcano. A Few Interesting Facts about Chile’s Geography. The chain of beaches and resorts continues north to La Serena, Chile's second-oldest city now known for its production of pisco, a grape brandy which follows closely behind wine on the list of Chile's preferred drinks. The average temperature in Santiago is … Chile is a country of vast climate extremes. Chile, country situated along the western seaboard of South America. As a general rule, the farther north the hotter and drier the climate. It is bounded on the north by Peru and Bolivia, on the east by Argentina, and on the west by the Pacific Ocean. Chile is one of the most geographically diverse countries in the world, with a wide variety of climates and weather conditions. Chile's unusual, ribbon-like shape - 4,300 km long and on average 175 km wide - has given it a hugely varied climate. Geography. The winter months are much rainier than the summer months in Santiago.