Use a Ruler to Weigh Your Fish. The white crappie has a deep and highly compressed body, a large mouth that extends rearward to beneath the eye, and a concave nape. Max. White crappies tend to hold in shallower water than black crappies. Average Size White crappie range from 6.7 to 20.9 in.  The maximum lifespan of white crappies is 8 to 10 years with the average lifespan being 3 to 4 years in unmanaged waters and 6 years in managed waters. They feed mostly dawn and dusk, in dim light, when they move into the open and toward shore. White Crappie don’t mind being out in the open. Using this strategy, juveniles can grow rapidly in the first few days of life. Crappies are drawn to lights at night, where they feed on small fish that are attracted to the light. The white crappie has a silvery color with green or brown shades along its back, with dark lateral bars along its side, and a white belly. White Crappie (pomoxis). In Illinois, and probably elsewhere, they feast on American gizzard shad. The two most common types of crappie are the black crappie and the white crappie. 84. This species has a large geographic range in the United States and currently has a stable population. to 1 lb. Black crappie have seven or eight dorsal spines, while white crappiesÂ have only six.Â. Black crappie are less tolerant of turbid water than white crappie SIZE: The common length for black crappie is 27.5 cm (10.8 inches) and the maximum reported length for a black crappie is 49 cm (19.3 inches). Contributor. As well as water clarity, Black Crappie like to have plenty of vegetation to hide in. White crappie seem to thrive in warmer and more turbid waters than black crappie. A more common size to keep is more than 7″, which is not bad. Adult White Crappie tend to feed on small fish, worms and insects. 4.7 out of 5 stars 41. in total length; black crappie range from 5.1 to 19.3 in. Despite the names, black and white crappies are similar in color, ranging from dark olive to black on top, with silvery sides and black blotches and stripes. Weight. Average Length: 6.7 - 20.9 inches. Their delicious taste and sporting ability are a few reasons why they’re so popular.  The breeding season varies by location, due to the species' great range. To estimate the weight of your catch, measure the fish's total length - from tail to the mouth - … The white crappie (Pomoxis annularis) is a freshwater fish found in North America, one of the two species of crappies. Crappies are known by different names regionally, including specks, white perch, sac-a-lait,Â croppie, papermouth, andÂ slab. Channel and/or Blue Catfish combined – 15. State survey max. Food Typical recre - ational fishing catches of either species range from 8 to 12 inches (20.3 to 30.5 cm). Eligible for Free Shipping. In Mississippi, they feed on mayflies such as Hexagenia atrocaudata and Pentagenia vittigera. Are Trash Fish (Garbage Fish) Good to Eat. Some states have a 9- or 10-inch upper-end … As a group, crappies are very popular among fishermen, regarded as one of the best-tasting freshwater gamefish. Most crappies are in the 1/2 lb.Â to 1 lb.  The white crappie has six dorsal fin spines, whereas the black crappie has seven or eight dorsal fin spines. Average Size: ½ to 1¼ pounds, approximate maximum size five-pounds. The males guard these nests until the fry swim away. , The white crappie rarely exceeds 2 pounds (0.91 kg), and typically lives 2â7 years. The black crappie, is a freshwater fish found in North America, one of the two crappies. They have 5–10 dark vertical bars along their bodies, rather than the randomly scattered spots like the black crappie. (2006). Again the biggest crappie tournament in the world was put on by Mr. Crappie Wally Marshall and his crew dedicated to pushing crappie fishing into the limelight with the other top competitive fishing sports. Reset. White crappies are more tolerant of turbid (murky) waters than black crappies. White crappie tend to feed on small fish along with large invertebrate species such as hellgrammites and crayfish. Keywords (separated by comma) ... White crappie fish on dock. Crappies belong to the family Centrarchidae in the infraclass Teleostei, which is one of three infraclasses in the class Actinopterygii. The exposed part of the scale has tiny tooth-like projections (cteni). However, longer lengths at older ages of both crappie species occurred in more productive waters, longer lengths at Price and other details may vary based on size and color.  White crappies are also slightly more elongated than black crappies. You will get between 5-7 fillets per pound on average but sizes do vary. , White crappies can be found in large rivers, reservoirs and lakes. During the day, crappies are less active and congregate around weed beds and submerged logs and boulders. Crappies feed mostly on small minnowsÂ and smaller fish species,Â including the young of the same species that prey on crappies, such asÂ walleye, muskellunge, and pike. Valid Sep. 1, 2020 through Aug. 31, 2021. Colors are suitable for a White Crappie reproduction or skin mount. (Example WA30-4OZ). Bait -- Minnows or grubs fished near the bottom or under a float Lures -- Small spinners & twisters Lure Color -- White, silver, black, green and yellow Line -- 2-6 lb. White crappie: a 2.35 kg (5.2 lb) fish caught on 31 July 1957 by Fred Brigh in Water Valley, Mississippi, US; References , White crappies are native to the Great Lakes, Hudson Bay, and the Mississippi River basins expanding from New York and southern Ontario westward to South Dakota and southward to Texas. White crappies are morphologically similar to black crappies. Black crappie like to remain in shallower water whereas white crappie prefer deeper water of more than 20 feet. White crappie lengths frequently exceeded black crappie lengths at the same ages, but the opposite did not occur. 3 oz.  The current for all-tackle fishing world record for a white crappie is 2.35 kg (5.2 lb). Night fishing using lights to draw in crappies is another favorite strategy.Â, Facts About 6 of the Most Common and Popular Sunfish Species, Facts About the Life and Behavior of Yellow Perch, The Bream Species: Sunfish, Bluegills, Shellcracker, Warmouth and More, An Intro to Catfish and Bullheads and Their Record Weights.  Their diet can vary depending on their location. Later in the year their food has grown bigger so the larger plastic may be needed to simulate the current food size. White crappies basically weigh ¼ lb to about ½ lb, however, according to the IGFA, the all-tackle world record white crappie is 5 lbs. This strategy is considered saltatory, or pause-and-travel search. 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